### AMIT 135: Lesson 8 Rod Mills – Mining Mill Operator Training

Rod Mill Power Draft. Rod mill power is dependent on mill capacity and work index. Mill power increases with: Increasing rod charge; Increasing mill speed; Increasing mill length. Rowland and Kjos (1980) provided an expression to quantify power draw at the pinion shaft per unit mass of rods: P↓M / M↓R = 1.752 D↑0.33 (6.3 – 5.4J↓R) Φ ...

### An Overview Of the SmAll-ScAle teStS AvAilAble tO ...

The Bond rod mill work index is used to calculate the power requirement to grind from ~½" to about 14 mesh. The test has been mainly used for the design of rod mills or primary ball mills, but it can also be used along with the other Bond tests (BWI and CWI) for SAG mill design

### Milling – Rod / Ball Mills including Bond Ball Work ...

Milling – Rod / Ball Mills including Bond Ball Work / Grindability Index . MARC manufactures a wide range of ball and rod mills to suit most metallurgical laboratory applications. Our range extends from small 6L jar-type mills that are manually positioned on rollers to large 30L size mills.

### Comparison of UCS to Bond Work Indices

FIGURE 5: BOND ROD MILL WORK INDEX v. UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH 0 100 200 300 400 UCS (MPa) 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 WiRM (metric) The lack of fit observed relating the crushing Work Index was expected to carry over to the other Bond Work Indices. Figure 5 displays the plot of rod mill Work Index (Wi RM) versus UCS. These

### SAG Mill Testing - Test Procedures to Characterize Ore ...

The design of rod and ball mills is still carried out with the Bond ball mill and rod mill grindability tests. As discussed earlier in this paper, it is important in this case to match the reduction size of the test to that desired from the industrial mill. As such, primary ball mills should be designed with the rod mill work index, and single ...

### USING THE SMC TEST® TO PREDICT COMMINUTION .

The work index covering grinding in tumbling mills of coarse sizes is labelled M ia. The work index covering grinding of fine particles is labelled M ib (Morrell, 2008). M ia values are provided as a standard output from a SMC Test® (Morrell, 2004a) whilst M ib values can be determined using the data generated by a conventional Bond ball mill ...

### Stefano Ordoiza Campanella - Academia.edu

Generally, Bond work index is a common method for selecting comminution equipment as well as estimation of grinding efficiency and calculating required power. In the current research, a simple, fast and accurate procedure is introduced to find the rod-mill work index based on the conventional Bond work index.

### Bond Work Index - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The low energy crushing work index laboratory test is conducted on ore specimens larger than 50 mm, determining the crushing work index (Wi C, CWi or IWi (impact work index)). The rod mill work index laboratory test is conducted by grinding an ore sample prepared to 80% passing 12.7 mm (½ inch, the original test being developed in imperial ...

### Testwork: Bond rod mill work index - SAGMILLING.COM

The Bond rod mill work index is not as common as the Bond ball mill work index, and there are two different variations on the mill apparatus.The SAGMILLING.COM models expect a mill with a "wave liner", and is not compatible with mills using "smooth liners".

### GeolabsGlobal | South Africa | Comminution

The Bond Rod Work Index Test determines the resistance of ore to grinding in a rod mill, expressed as a work index kilo Watt hour per ton (kWh/t). The work index is then used to calculate the specific energy requirements for sizing rod mills or determining their throughput for a target grind.

### Rod Mill Work Index Table - Mineral Processing & Metallurgy

Here is a list presented in table form of Rod Mill Work Index as tested/presented by SME handbook of mineral processing, N.L Weiss Editor, N.Y. 1985.

### Application of Operating Work Indices in Autogenous ...

Bond Rod Mill Work Index, RWi, kWh/t 18.1 Table 1. Example of AG/SAG Ball Mill Circuit Wio Calculations [1] [2] ABstrAct Optimum use of power in grinding, both in terms of grinding efficiency and use of installed capital, can have a large effect on profitability. Mill operators have long used operating work indices to evaluate grinding circuit

### A study of simulating the calculation method of the Bond ...

Based on the nth order grinding kinetic equation and the theory of linear additivity in the grinding process, the grinding kinetic characteristics of the feed and the circulating load in standard Bond rod-mill grindability tests are studied.A new method of simulating the calculation of the Bond rod-mill work index by using the grinding kinetic test data of the feed is proposed.

### JK Drop Weight Test | JKTech

The JK Drop Weight Test is an industry standard for use in characterising ore under AG/SAG milling conditions. The JK Drop Weight Test provides ore specific comminution parameters which are used in the JKSimMet software to analyse and/or predict crusher and AG/SAG mill performance.

### Bond Ball Mill Index Test | JKTech

A Bond Ball Mill Work Index may also be used in the simulation and optimisation of existing mill(s) and the associated grinding circuit(s). Sample Requirements: A minimum of 10 kg of material crushed to nominally minus 10 mm is preferred. JKTech would stage crush the sample to minus 3.35 mm, as required for the Bond Ball Mill Work Index test feed.

### Bond Work Index Tests - Grinding Solutions Ltd

Bond Work Index Tests. Grinding Solutions offers a range of Bond Work Index Testing from crushability and abrasion to ball and rod mills. For more information on the tests please see below: Bond Low Energy Impact Test. The Bond Low-Energy Impact test can be used to determine the Crusher Work index (CWi), also known as the Impact Work Index.

### Rod Mill - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

3.4.7 Bond rod mill standard test. Standard conditions for determining the work index of rod mills under laboratory conditions are: mill size = 305 mm (internal diameter) × 610 mm (internal length) with wave type lining. material dry mineral. size − reduced to < 13,200 μm.

### Geometallurgy - Wikipedia

The Bond ball mill work index test is thought to be additive because of its units of energy; nevertheless, experimental blending results show a non-additive behavior. [18] The SPI(R) value is known not to be an additive parameter, however errors introduced by block kriging are not thought to be significant .

### Mill (grinding) - Wikipedia

W is the work index measured in a laboratory ball mill (kilowatt-hours per metric or short ton) P 80 is the mill circuit product size in micrometers; F 80 is the mill circuit feed size in micrometers. Rod mill. A rotating drum causes friction and attrition between steel rods and ore particles.

### GMSG GUIDELINE: DETERMINING THE BOND EFFICIENCY OF ...

Bond Test WI's (kWh/t): Rod Mill: Ball Mill: 9.5 kWh/t.8 9 kWh/t . Bond Standard Circuit Work Index: Assume the rod mill Work Index of 9.5 applies from the actual rod mill feed sizeof 19,300 mµ (although some of this work might ideally be done by crushers to achieve a rod mill F80 of 16,000 m) to a rod µ

### Bond Rod Mill Work Index Equipment & Apparatus Review

Commentary on the apparatus of the Bond rod mill Work Index by Alex Doll December, 2015 [email protected] The Bond "Third Theory" of comminution was originally divided into three size classes reflecting the varieties of comminution equipment common during the time period when Bond (and his collaborators) were gathering the information to calibrate comminution models.

### Bond Tests | Mining | SGS

Bond Rod Mill Grindability Test. The test determines the Bond Rod Mill Work Index which is used with Bond's Third Theory of Comminution to calculate net power requirements when sizing ball mills*. Various correction factors may have to be applied. The test is a closed-circuit dry grindability test performed in a standard rod mill.

### Bond Work Index Procedure and Method

This Grindability Test or Bond Ball Mill Work Index Procedure is used to determine the Bond Work Index of minus six mesh or finer feed ore samples. These equation application methods are used to process <1/2″ ore samples in a Ball Mill using a standard ball charge. Below describes in general terms the Bond Work Index Procedure used by a Professional Metallurgical Testing Laboratory.

### Bond Grinding Circuit Efficiency - ceecthefuture

Rod Mill Ball Mill Closed circuit crushing to 16 mm Open circuit 8' dia. rod mill to 1 mm Closed circuit 8' dia. ball mill to P80 um The ore Test Work Index = Circuit Operating Work Index 9 The Standard Bond Circuit Coarse Ore Bins Fine Ore Bins Screen Crushing Screen Classification Rod Mill Ball Mill THIS IS THE REFERENCE BASIS FOR ALL ...

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