Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse Career

Job Description: Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.


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Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse Career

What Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouses do:

  • Harvest plants, and transplant or pot and label them.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.
  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment.
  • Clean work areas, and maintain grounds and landscaping.
  • Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.
  • Feel plants' leaves and note their coloring to detect the presence of insects or disease.
  • Load agricultural products into trucks, and drive trucks to market or storage facilities.
  • Provide information and advice to the public regarding the selection, purchase, and care of products.
  • Participate in the inspection, grading, sorting, storage, and post-harvest treatment of crops.
  • Direct and monitor the work of casual and seasonal help during planting and harvesting.
  • Sell and deliver plants and flowers to customers.
  • Haul and spread topsoil, fertilizer, peat moss, and other materials to condition soil, using wheelbarrows or carts and shovels.
  • Identify plants, pests, and weeds to determine the selection and application of pesticides and fertilizers.
  • Record information about plants and plant growth.
  • Record information about crops, such as pesticide use, yields, or costs.
  • Inspect plants and bud ties to assess quality.
  • Inform farmers or farm managers of crop progress.
  • Maintain inventory, ordering materials as required.
  • Dig, cut, and transplant seedlings, cuttings, trees, and shrubs.
  • Regulate greenhouse conditions, and indoor and outdoor irrigation systems.
  • Move containerized shrubs, plants, and trees, using wheelbarrows or tractors.
  • Repair farm buildings, fences, and other structures.
  • Maintain and repair irrigation and climate control systems.
  • Dig, rake, and screen soil, filling cold frames and hot beds in preparation for planting.
  • Tie and bunch flowers, plants, shrubs, and trees, wrap their roots, and pack them into boxes to fill orders.
  • Trap and destroy pests, such as moles, gophers, and mice, using pesticides.
  • Sow grass seed, or plant plugs of grass.
  • Cut, roll, and stack sod.

What work activities are most important?

Importance Activities

Handling and Moving Objects - Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Controlling Machines and Processes - Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work - Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People - Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others - Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.

Communicating with Persons Outside Organization - Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.

Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.

Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

Holland Code Chart for a Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse